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How the child can learn and grow


Does the child play of make believe?

Each time the child plays more of make believe in a different way. This type of play is very important because it comes from a basic need of the child: of wanting that the parents stay always with him/her.

Through the play of make believe, the child imitates and speaks about what he/she sees. When he/she imitates the adults, he/she tries to speak like them, to do what they do. Thus he/she starts to have attitudes and behaviours, which are more advanced than the ones of his/her age. And he/she develops because of that.

Playing of make believe helps the child to develop his/her imagination and also to understand and learn the values, the family habits and of other people in the place where he/she lives.


The child likes to sing children songs and to learn songs that are taught to him/her or that he/she hears in the radio or in church. The child is also very interested in playing with musical instruments: drums made of cans, bamboo flutes and rattles. With the music, the child hears other types of sounds, learns a little about rhythm and melody.

The child also has to be given the opportunity to draw with pencil, charcoal, coloured stone on the paper or on the floor. Thus, he/she can learn how to hold the pencil and his/her drawing begins to show forms, such as small balls or squares.

The child also likes to look at books with pictures and to listen to stories that people tell and read to him/her


Organizing the place, toys and materials, on the Life Celebration Day, provides the child the chance to play and do activities together with other children.


Does the child have the opportunity to play with other children

In plays with other children, the child already speaks in order to exchange or borrow toys, instead of fighting for them. These plays are good because the younger child imitates what the older child does and also teaches what he/she already knows to a child younger than him/her. The children playing together are always developing.

The child also learns, increasingly, by speaking. When the family members talk and reply to his/her questions, he/she is helping the child to speak better and to understand how the things are like daily. In this age, the child learns the “why” of everything. “Why does it become night?”, “Why does the church bell strike?”

The child can notice and also ask about the differences between boys and girls. “Why do the boys pee standing up?” Why do the girls do not have a “wee-wee”?” Every family should try to answer according to its habits and values, without cheating or scaring the child.


While the child plays and takes part in home activities, the child observes and asks about things. He/she learns that the objects can be equal and different. When the parents are, for example, separating the clothes to be washed, sewing, arranging legumes and fruits, it is good to let the child help. Thus he/she can learn about sizes, shapes, quantities and colours.

Taking the child to church is part of his/her Christian education and shows that the family belongs to a group of people that gets together by faith that are friends and help each other.

The family needs to have leisure, take the children to stroll and play, visit relatives and friends. It is good that the child have the opportunity to listen to story tellers, watch puppets shows, theatre plays for children and participate in the community parties. Thus, the child can meet and give value to what the people from the place he/she lives know to do.

"Reserve moments to play and have fun with your family, for the child learns playing and the amusing activities get people closer to each other." 3rd Commandment for the Peace in the Family