Most common complaints
Gases, bad digestion and heartburn
This occurs because the womb grows and pulls the stomach back and the intestine making it difficult for the food digestion. It is advisable that the pregnant woman pay attention to the food which causes her to have bad digestion and then avoid it. Besides that in order to avoid these disorders it is important to have healthy eating habits with regular meals. Parsley, ginger and anise tea help to reduce the gases.
For a good digestion it is recommended to:
• Give preference to fresher food;
• Eat fibres rich food found in vegetables and fruit, rye and wheat among others
• Avoid sweets, black tea, “Paraguay” tea (from an evergreen bush), coffee, and soft drinks because they provoke gases and heartburn;
• Eat slowly, chewing the food very well;
• Avoid eating fat food or very dry food;
• Drink a lot of liquid between the meals avoiding the very hot or icy liquids;
• Eat a little each time;
• Eat every three hours;
• Avoid remain sitting or lying down for too long.
Leader, if the pregnant woman has heartburn, instruct her not to drink cold milk as a medicine, not to lie down soon after the meals and sleep with high pillow.
Swollen state, varicose veins or cramps
During pregnancy it is common that the feet get swollen. Some varicose veins may appear in the legs or in the vagina. This happens because the womb weighs more and prevents the blood circulation.
To increase blood circulation it is recommended that the pregnant woman wear loosen clothes and eat food with little salt. The discomfort of varicose veins and swollen feet diminish when the pregnant woman walks and whenever she sits or lies with the legs up.
It is advisable to avoid socks or panties with tight bands and shoes with slippery soles.
Cramps appear when the pregnant woman moves little and when there is a lack of some salts in her body. In order to reduce the cramps the pregnant woman shall sit down, stretch her legs and pull her feet toes up with her hands. To make massages and avoid staying longer periods in the same position also help.
Coconut water, banana, orange and beans help to prevent the cramps.
Haemorrhoids are varicoses that appear in the end of the bowels. The pregnant woman may also complain about constipation. If the bowels do not work properly everyday the haemorrhoids get worse and may bleed.
For the bowels to evacuate properly it is recommended to drink a lot of liquid, make walks and to eat more fibres such as fruit and vegetables.
The hormones of pregnancy may cause a white discharge. In order to clean this discharge the pregnant woman needs to wash just the external part locally and dry it very well.
When the pregnant woman complains of a vagina discharge with itch and odour she needs to seek for a doctor, do the physical tests and receive adequate treatment. Sometimes the doctor also prescribes medicine to the partner. When the treatment is correctly followed the complaints soon stop.
Swollen body and high blood pressure
If, in the early morning the pregnant woman has headache or has the face, feet and hands swollen it is necessary to take her to the Health Service immediately.
High blood pressure, loss of protein through the urine and swollen body are signs of pre-eclampsia. This problem may be solved with more care in the prenatal checks, rest and medicines. Sometimes it is necessary to be treated in the hospital.
If the pregnant woman does not receive proper treatment this can get worse and have convulsions. In this phase we call the disease eclampsia, a serious problem that may bring risk to the life of the pregnant woman and for the baby.