The child from one and a half year to one year and eleven months old
How the child can learn and grow
Does the child communicate using short sentences?
The child now learns easily many new words. If the child has been taught, he/she can show and say the name of the body parts: head, belly button, hand, foot.
If the family talks to the child, he/she can also learn to joint two or three words to make up small sentences: “daddy ball” (daddy, give me the ball), “mummy go out” (mummy let’s go out). It is good that the family members seek to understand what the child wants to say. Thus they are encouraging him/her to learn to speak better.
The child keeps on very interested in learning and using everything that sees around her. The curiosity helps the child to learn better. The child does things that he/she sees people doing: uses the mother’s shoe, puts on the father’s belt.
The child’s thought is more developed and he/she shows this in the activities he/she does. For example, when he/she wants to catch something he/she does not reach, the child does not wait for someone to catch it for him/her, but uses something else to reach what she /he wants. He/she, for example, takes a piece of wood to pull the ball that is under the bed.
The child learns to say “no”. If the adults leave dangerous things close to him/her, or many things that she cannot touch, they will have to say “do not touch it” and “do not take it” all the time. Since the child imitates the adults, he/she will say “no” to everything people ask him/her for. In order not to say “no” to everything, it is better the parents put many things he/she cannot touch out of his/her reach. Then, the child will learn what he/she can and what he/she cannot touch, but does no longer have to hear “no” to everything.
It is important not to leave dangerous things at the child’s reach and show the child what he/she can play with.Limits are important for the child’s development.
The child’s skill with the hands increased. He/she already manages to open lids and make scrawls on a paper or on the floors.
The child likes to play piling up, putting down, mounting and dismounting things. The family can provide him/her with pieces of wood of different sizes and shapes and well sanded, for he/she can play with the wooden pieces in several different ways.
In this age, the child, in general, is interested in knowing about his/her genitalia. He/she does it the same way he/she does to get to know other things: looking at it and touching it. When the child touches these organs, he/she will have good sensations. If the parents do not chide when the child touches the genitalia he/she has the opportunity to get distracted with other plays/toys, and his or her curiosity little by little decreases
The child walks better everyday, starts to run a little and loves to go up on top of everything. He/she crawls up the staircases and goes down them, sitting. If someone holds the child's hand, he/she is able to go up the staircase standing. The child who is helped to do things learns better.
The child likes to walk pulling things tied with a cord or pulling toys. He/she also likes to play imitating animals: walks like a dog, lopes/rides on a piece of wood like riding a horse, etc.
In this phase, the child enjoys more playing with other children, but still can fight for toys. The parents’ patience is very important at these times. Beating does not educate the child and only worsens the situation.
Playing with water, sand and earth quietens the child. He/she spends a long time exploring, learning how they are like and what can be done with these materials. But the places where the child plays have to be clean.
"He has given his angels orders about you to guard you wherever you go." Psa 91:11