How the baby can learn and grow
The baby still depends a lot on the mother or on whoever takes care of him/her. He/she continues to enjoy staying always close to the parents. Since he/she cannot stay with them all the time, he/she likes to play with things that the parents use such as: combs, brushes, pans, hammers, radio.
When the baby plays with boxes, tins, brushes, spoons and toys he/she learns two important things:
The purpose of the objects: the glass to drink, the pan to cook, the comb to comb the hair, the ball to play. How the objects are like: Hard or soft; big or small; rough or smooth; light or heavy.
The baby also learns when the parents and the family members talk to him how the objects are like and what the objects serve for.
Does the baby use gestures to communicate: pointing, clapping the hands and saying good-bye?
When the family gives attention and tries to understand what the baby wants to communicate, he/she learns to use gestures to say and ask for what he/she wants. When the baby points asking for something, it is good that the parents say the name of what was pointed at, so the baby can learn the name of the things he/she sees.
He/she understands, each day, more what the people say to him/her. Even though the parents can distract the baby for him//her not to do what is not allowed, he/she will try to do it again. When the parents say “no”, the baby stops what he/she is doing, even though later he/she does the same thing again. When the baby acts likes this, he/she shows that he/she is beginning to understand what is not allowed to do and to have the idea of what is to have limits set.
The parents have to decide how they will face the beginning of the baby’s disobedience. They both have to act firmly, without using violence and keeping with the prohibitions made.
Do the family members say the objects, name and talk about the activities they do with the baby?
The baby tries to imitate the sounds he/she hears the family speaking and can already repeat some words on his/her own way. The baby says “da” when he/she wants something; and calls after the mother and the father saying “mummy – dad”. But he/she can also start to speak only later. The important thing is that the people speak to him about the daily activities, so that, at his/her own time, he/she starts to use the talk as his/her main instrument to say what he/she feels.
When a person asks the baby for someone that is out, for example: “where is daddy”, and he/she looks, looking for him, this shows that he/she does not need to see the father to know that he exists. This shows that he/she already keeps some things in his/her memory.
Do the families make space for the baby to learn to move on his/her own?
In this phase the baby does not keep quiet, for he/she is learning to raise and to move on his/her own, mainly keep standing up. Therefore, he/she needs a safe space which allows him/her to try to move in several ways. If there is any person, a table or a chair, for example, to which he/she can hold/grab, he/she will try to stand up. But he/she may fall many times because of lack of balance. Most time he/she does not get hurt when falling.
For the baby to move with safety it is good that the parents arrange a place in the house. Better than forbidding the baby to move is to find a way or provide a place where he/she can do that. They should, for example, take out from his/her reach the objects he/she cannot take and block the access to the kitchen or to another dangerous place with a wood panel or a chair.
Does the baby walk with support?
For the baby to learn and walk is also important to count on the help from people. He/she likes when his/her parents or siblings help him/her and encourage him/her to walk because he enjoys having their attention. Like everything he/she learns, first he/she walks with the help of others and after he/she walks alone.
The baby already shows his/her feelings. He gets jealous when the mother holds another child in her lap. He/she gets sad when people chide at him/her. He/she gets happy when the parents show they appreciate what he/she does. The baby likes a lot to play with his/her brothers and sisters but he/she does not like to lend or share the toys.
Taking some sun, playing outside the house and breathing pure air help the baby to eat and sleep better. He/she can also learn more, for he/she sees other children, people and different things. When the baby goes out with the parents on a bicycle, bus, horse track or car, the baby should be tied very safely to avoid any accidents.
“You have given me your protecting shield; your right hand has upheld me; you stooped to make me great.” Psa 18,36